On 13 March 1955 his grandfather King Tribhuvandied and his father succeeded to the Nepalese throne. Still many Nepalis love him and still do. The kitchen, dining room, wine bar and restroom are also on the ground floor. For other uses, see, His Majesty King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Order of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol, Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, https://www.kullabs.com/classes/subjects/units/lessons/notes/note-detail/1971, "Nepal's King Gives Way to Multiparty Democracy", "The Late King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah - Childhood Picture", "Birendra, 55, Ruler of Nepal's Hindu Kingdom", "Coronation in 1975, Jean Pierre Laffont, 89 images", "NEPAL / ROYAL: Coronation of King Birendra 24 May 1975", "King Birendra of Nepal A ruler much loved by his people, he bowed to popular will and surrendered absolute power", "Nepal's royal killer is named King as his parents are cremated", Nepal massacre inquiry begins, at long last, "Nepal: Is India behind the Nepalese Royal Family massacre? It is said that Shri Sadan was designed by King Birendra. On the same day he declared that every child in the country was entitled to free education. Today is the nineteenth year of tragic Royal Palace masacare in the history of Nepal when many members of King Birendra families were killed. I think external interference played important role here. His son Crown Prince Dipendra was named King on June 2, 2001, after the unfaithful Royal family massacre of June 1, 2001 that took the lives of the King, Queen, Prince, Princess and five other Royal family members. He became the 12th king of Nepal after his elder brother King Birendra was assassinated in a shooting incident that killed most of his family members. It now rests on the survivor, Gyanendra to make up for his brother’s absence. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah (b. His wife, Queen Aiswarya; their daughter, Princess Shruti; and another son, Prince Nirajan, were also killed. He also learnt to fly helicopters during his early days before becoming the monarch of Nepal. In 1959 King Birendra enrolled at E… [12] During the 1980s the restraints that had been imposed on political organisations started to ease, and liberal student-led groups started to demand constitutional change in Nepal.[6][17]. King Birendra Bikram, Shah of Nepal, gunned down by his own son and heir after what is said to have been a dispute at a family dinner party over … The King's personal guests included his former housemaster at Eton, Peter Lawrence, three other masters and 15 old boys. [citation needed] This was observed in the 2036 B.S. If what I learned from Birendra about U.S. relations with the rest of the world could encourage others to stop and think, perhaps the time had come to relate that story. The son of King Mahendra, whom he succeeded in 1972, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. He went on an exploration of the country all by himself and visited the villages and monasteries. Janmat Sangraha (1980 Referendum) when he wanted the people to choose whether they wanted 'Multiparty Democracy' or a 'Reformed Panchayat System'. Spread over 754 ropanis, the premises has a Nepal Army division in the north, Republic Memorial on the east and the offices of the Department of … He inherited a political system in which the king held considerable autocratic powers and political parties were banned. It is said that Shri Sadan was designed by King Birendra. However, the leaders advocating for the democracy and historians all have claimed that the referendum was rigged. King Birendra was born on Dec. 28, 1945, and acceded to the throne in January 1972, after the death of King Mahendra. In 1975, King Birendra declared Nepal as a ‘zone of peace’ and a neutral territory so that it could pursue a policy of non-alignment which would bring progress and prosperity. On the ground floor was the private office of the then King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya. then King Tribhuvan and Crown Prince Mahendra were both alive and well, though in a self-imposed exile in India. On 13 March 1955 his grandfather King Tribhuvandied and his father succeeded to the Nepalese throne. The stability of Nepal was threatened even more when Birendra and his family (including Queen Aishwarya) were massacred at a royal dinner on 1 June 2001.. [20], Eyewitness reports and an official investigation (carried by a two-man committee made up of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Keshav Prasad Upadhaya and the Speaker of the House of Representatives Taranath Ranabhat),[21] confirmed that Dipendra was the gunman. On June 1, 2001 – allegedly completely unconnected with the war – King Birendra was murdered along with the whole family during supper in the palace dining room. He endured the difficult change of heading the government of his mountain kingdom to … 2002-2058) was the tenth Shah dynasty king of Nepal. He was also an art collector and supporter of Nepalese crafts people and artists, and learnt to fly helicopters.[7]. King Birendra and the rest of the Nepalese Royal Family were slain in a bloodbath June 7, 2001 by crown prince Dipendra in a drunken frenzy. The draft constitution was approved by the Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai and his cabinet and so, on 9 November 1990, Birendra promulgated the new constitution transforming Nepal into a constitutional monarchy. Gyanendra was absent when the incident occurred at a dinner party held at the ‘Narayanhiti Royal Palace’ in Kathmandu. King Birendra announced of Nepal Zone of Peace proposition during his coronation ceremony reception. During the first two thirds of this period, he was an absolute ruler under the system he had inherited from his father, King Mahendra. On the ground floor was the private office of the then King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya. Late king Birendra’s mother Ratna still lives in her residence, Mahendra Manjil, within the complex. Almost all of the royal family members were killed in the massacre except Gyanendra Shah, Birendra's younger brother. He was the eldest son of King Mahendra and is believed to be the best king among all the monarchs who have ruled the country. The demand for another probe into the royal massacre has faded now, but the general people, political leaders and kith and kin of the royal family still recall the late King Birendra as a humble, polite and friendly king and June 1 as a black day in Nepal's history. The paper also questioned the official probe commission's report holding Dipendra responsible for the killings. Late King Birendrawas indeed a Godly personality!" The commission presented him with the draft of the proposed constitution on 10 September 1990. In June 2001, however, his life took a sudden dramatic turn when the Nepalese royal family was plunged into crisis. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, (born December 28, 1945, Kathmandu, Nepal—died June 1, 2001, Kathmandu), king of Nepal from 1972 to 2001, 10th in the line of monarchs in the Shah Dev family.. He died on June 1, 2001 in the royal palace massacre that took place there during a dinner party where the whole royal family except a few including Prince Gyanendra, were present. He was a kind and emotional person from a very young age and was very popular as a monarch among the people of the country. 1st June 2001, was a black day in Nepali history when King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya, Prince Dipendra and 6 others were massacred inside the royal palace, Narayanhity. The dead included King Birendra of Nepal and Queen Aishwarya. He was succeeded to the throne by his brother Gyanendra. 1st June 2001, was a black day in Nepali history when King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya, Prince Dipendra and 6 others were massacred inside the royal palace, Narayanhity. He was the first monarch of Nepal who wanted his countrymen to have an experience of actual democracy where there would be a form of panchayat system that would be beneficial to all. Early life. He is the most internationally well … King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya, their son Prince Nirajan, their daughter Princess Shruti, two of the king's sisters, his brother-in-law and a cousin were all killed by gunfire at the Narayanhiti royal palace in an incident which has left his eldest son and successor, Crown Prince Dipendra Bir … The King and Queen of Nepal have been shot dead after the heir to the throne went on the rampage with a gun before turning it on himself. Well first King Birendra did good things but many other also fault him for keeping in place the Panchayat dictatorship after his father King Mahendra died in 1972 till 1990. King Birendra and the rest of the Nepalese Royal Family were slain in a bloodbath June 7, 2001 by crown prince Dipendra in a drunken frenzy. In contrast, the hallway also has some grisly taxidermy heads of bears, deer and mountain goats along the wall, a life-size mirror reflecting them. King Birendra was born at the Narayanhiti Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his first wife, Crown Princess Indra Rajya Lakshmi Devi.[4][5]. Right after the royal massacre, Dipendra was proclaimed King of Nepal while in a coma. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah (Nepali: वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 – 1 June 2001) was the King of Nepal from 1972 until 2001. Ketaki Chester was a cousin of King Birendra, and was present with her sister at the Naryanhiti Palace on 1 June 2001 when Crown Prince Dipendra killed nine members of his family, including himself. He formally asked the international community to endorse his proposal that the United Nations should declare Nepal a ZoP, to give a new dimension to Nepalese stance for non-aligned movement. To head this he chose Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, who he had imprisoned for several years. Later, upon his father's death, Prince Dipendra was declared King of Nepal while … Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the king of Nepal from 2001 to 2008. King Birendra appointed an interim government to pave the way for elections. The son of King Mahendra, whom he succeeded in 1972 he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. [22][23][24][25], H.M. Svasti Sri Giriraja Bahadur Shah Bahadur Shamsher Jang Devanam Sada Samara Vijayinam, King of Nepal, Royal Victorian Chain (23 February 1975), Album of Late king Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev by Narayan Prasad Shiwakoti: Published on 1995 AD – Election, "Birendra" redirects here. Within hours of the killings, the international media had come out with the version, as quoted from a highly placed military source, that Crown Prince Dipendra had killed his father and King Birendra, mother and Queen Aishwarya, and his siblings, Princess Shruti and Prince Niranjan, in a fit of inebriated rage and then turned the machine-gun on himself. The chapter on ‘The Shah Restoration, 1950-2001’ covers the revival of the monarchy under Birendra’s grandfather King Tribhuvan, his father King Mahendra, and Birendra’s own role in ‘democratizing’ the nation. He was the one who suggested the formation of SAARC consisting of Asian countries which would boost the relations and economy of all the member countries. Detailed investigation is impossible as the "Tribhuvan Sadan" (the building where the massacre occurred) was demolished by the Gyanendra government which made Gyanendra a most unpopular king. HIS MAJESTY KING BIRENDRA BIR BIKRAM SHAH DEV OF NEPAL, who has been killed aged 55, was the world's only Hindu king and was considered by … Early life: Late King Birendra was born at the Narayanhity Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his wife Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi. King Birendra made his comments to three newsmen—at nis office in the modern, pagoda‐roofed palace near downtown Katmandu. Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the king of Nepal from 2001 to 2008. His father was King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and mother was Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi. It was a warm Friday evening on June 2001 in Kathmandu, Nepal and King Birendra Shah was looking forward … [7] Because of the growing pro-democracy movement Birendra announced that a referendum to decide between a non-party and a multi-party system would be held. The son of King Dipendra, the Crown Prince of the royal family of Nepal dissatisfied with the fact that his parents did not accept his chosen woman, he assassinated his family members. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 1 June 2001) was the 11th King of Nepal and a South Asian statesman. The referendum for a non-party government won by 55 percent of the votes against the 45 percent of the votes polled for a multi-party system of government. Because of the rioting, King Birendra lifted the ban on political parties and agreed to become a constitutional monarch in April 1990. He was appointed as a British Field Marshal in 1980. ", "Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev King of Nepal", "Dipendra kicked his father after he shot him", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Birendra_of_Nepal&oldid=999817889, Grand Crosses Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Knights of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Grand Crosses of the Order of the Star of Romania, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 03:07. King Birendra of Nepal was born in Kathmandu, Nepal, at the ‘Narayanhiti Royal Palace’ on December 29, 1945. siblings: Dhirendra of Nepal, Gyanendra of Nepal, children: Dipendra of Nepal, Prince Nirajan of Nepal, Princess Shruti of Nepal, education: Harvard University, University of Tokyo, Eton College, See the events in life of Birendra Of Nepal in Chronological Order. King Birendra(Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva)Age: 55 King of Nepal who was shot to death by his son, Crown Prince Dipendra, in a massacre that nearly wiped out the entire royal family. [1] After People's Movement I that resulted in few hundred deaths, he was forced to establish a constitutional monarchy in Nepal.[2]. He studied for some time at the University of Tokyo, Japan in 1967, and then studied political history at the Harvard University, US, from 1967 to 1968. Visit ofthe Kings of Spain in Nepal - Katmandhu.Cena gala hosted by King Birendra and Queen Aishwayra to the King of Spain Juan Carlos and Sofia. HIS MAJESTY KING BIRENDRA BIR BIKRAM SHAH DEV OF NEPAL, who has been killed aged 55, was the world's only Hindu king and was considered by his followers to be an incarnation of the god Vishnu. From a very young age, Birendra was described by his school teachers as a very kind and emotional prince. His father was King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and mother was Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi. Right after the royal massacre, Dipendra was proclaimed King of Nepal while in a coma. [18] He appointed an independent Constitution Recommendation Commission to represent the main opposition factions and to prepare a new constitution to accommodate their demands for political reform. King Birendra was born at the Narayanhity Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his wife Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi. On his ascension he was effectively an absolute monarch, as he inherited a country where political parties were banned and he ruled through a system of local and regional councils known as panchayats. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/birendra-of-nepal-7103.php, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs. [10] His first trips abroad as king were to India in October 1973 and China two months later [11] as he believed that Nepal, sandwiched between the two Asian powers, should have good relations with both.[12]. The legacy King Birendra bequeathed his Nepali subjects is a parliamentary democracy backed firmly by a constitutional monarchy. Subsequently, Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda) , the chairman of the Nepalese Maoist Party , in a public gathering claimed that the massacre was planned by the Indian intelligence agency Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) or the American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The eldest son of King Mahendra, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. The story of heavenly love turned to hellish fury. [8] The wedding, which was billed as one of the most lavish Hindu nuptial ceremonies in history, cost $9.5 million to stage. Restrictions on the political parties also started to ease as more and more groups led by students asking for a change to the type of government started to emerge starting from April 1990. The then Prince Dipendra also lived on the ground floor. Joseph College’ in Darjeeling, India. So much of conspiracy!! Visit ofthe Kings of Spain in Nepal - Katmandhu.Cena gala hosted by King Birendra and Queen Aishwayra to the King of Spain Juan Carlos and Sofia. They had three children, Prince Dipendra, Princess Shruti and Prince Niranjan who also died during the royal palace massacre. King Birendra was born at the Narayanhity Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Devand his first wife Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi. With his father's ascension Birendra became the Crown Prince of Nepal. Built-in 2023 BS, the three-story building has 12 rooms. He endured the difficult change of heading the government of his mountain kingdom to … Maybe ex king Gyanendra became silent to keep the country safe otherwise war could have happened. Late King Birendra was the first Nepalese monarch to receive a formal education. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? King Birendra will go down in history as a monarch who led Nepal through changing political times. It was a warm Friday evening on June 2001 in Kathmandu, Nepal and King Birendra Shah was looking forward … He had to lift the ban on political parties on November 9, 1990 as pro-democracy strikes and rioting broke out in the country. Dhirendra was killed in the royal palace massacre. He returned to Nepal in 1964 after completing his studies at the Eton College. At the ordained time, the chief priest placed on the King's head the emerald green crown, encrusted with jewels and adorned with feathers from a bird of paradise. Consequently Gyanendra was inducted as king. In 1959 King Birendra enrolled at E… He was the eldest son of his parents and had two younger brothers, King Gyanendra and Prince Dhirendra. He resented the absolute power that was vested in him and maintained that his government was actually a democracy run by the people’s representatives instead of being run by a costly alternative of multiple political parties. Almost all of the Royal family members were killed in the massacre except Gyanendra Shah, Birendra's younger brother. Spread over 754 ropanis, the premises has a Nepal Army division in the north, Republic Memorial on the east and the offices of the Department of Passport of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the west. In May 1980 he called for a national referendum to choose between a non-party government and a multi-party government. In June 2001, however, his life took a sudden dramatic turn when the Nepalese royal family was plunged into crisis. Birendra had two brothers, Dhirendra Shah and Gyanendra Shah. However, various political parties were disenchanted with this form of government and that led to a civil war in 1996 which lasted until 2006. With his father's ascension King Birendra became the Crown Prince of Nepal. King Birendra was conceived as the oldest child of Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his first bride, Crown Princess Indra Rajya Lakshmi Devi, at the Narayanhiti Royal Palace in Kathmandu. The then Prince Dipendra also lived on the ground floor. [3] He is credited for introducing SAARC in Asia in order to strengthen the foreign relations of Nepal with the other South Asian countries. He became the king of Nepal on January 31, 1972 after his father King Mahendra died. After the decimation of King Birendra’s family, King Gyanendra is the legal heir to the throne sanctioned by the customs and traditions of Nepal. The late King Birendra of Nepal was the world's only Hindu king. [citation needed] King Birendra was described as one of the few Nepalese monarchs who wanted the Nepalese people to experience real democracy. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 – 1 June 2001) was a King of Nepal. Soon after dawn on that day, King Birendra was driven to the temple of his ancestral palace, the Hanuman Dhoka ("Gate of Hanuman"). It concludes with a very brief introduction to Birendra’s son Dipendra in his youth. Built-in 2023 BS, the three-story building has 12 rooms. On 13 March 1955 their grandfather King Tribhuvan died, and their father succeeded to the Nepalese throne. There he was smeared with mud taken from various symbolic places - the bottom of a lake, the tusk of an elephant, a mountain, the confluence of two rivers and the doorstep of a prostitute's house. On the auspicious occasion of his coronation, the King announced that he had ordered his government to make primary education available and free for every child, but disappointed those Nepalis who hoped that he would promise progress towards democracy.[13][14][15][16]. He joined the Eton College in the United Kingdom in 1959. He was best described as an emotional person even during his school days. The eldest son of King Mahendra, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. On June 1, Crown Prince Dipendra assassinated King Birendra and eight other members of the royal family. The late King Birendra of Nepal was the world's only Hindu king. Today is the nineteenth year of tragic Royal Palace masacare in the history of Nepal when many members of King Birendra families were killed. In 1959, Birendra enrolled at Eton College in the United Kingdom. King Birendra's reign, lasting 29 years, had two distinct phases. In 1990, a series of strikes and pro-democracy riots broke out in Nepal. The Top 25 Wrestling Announcers Of All Time, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore. King Birendra was born at the Narayanhity Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his wife Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi. The kitchen, dining room, wine bar and restroom are also on the ground floor. King Birendra of Nepal was born in Kathmandu, Nepal, at the ‘Narayanhiti Royal Palace’ on December 29, 1945. King Birendra and his son Dipendra were very popular and well-respected by the Nepalese population. On June 1, 2001 (according to the official version), King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, 55, considered to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, was gunned down during a family dinner party here by his 30-year-old son, Crown Prince Dipendra. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, (born December 28, 1945, Kathmandu, Nepal—died June 1, 2001, Kathmandu), king of Nepal from 1972 to 2001, 10th in the line of monarchs in the Shah Dev family.. I would not today approach the project of tutoring a future ruler of Nepal as I did in the fall of 1967. [6] Birendra enjoyed traveling in his youth, and went on trips to Canada, Latin America, Africa, many parts of India, and a number of other Asian countries.

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