3. It’s 30 inches tall by 24 inches wide at maturity, and winter hardy to Zone 6. Do you have any recommendations to keep it thriving? Sounds like a fun winter project to experiment with, and determine what provides the best germination rate for your collected seeds! How to Grow Alstroemeria. The alternative is to grow Peruvian lily as an annual and replace it with a new and exciting variety, or your all-time favorite, each season. To store alstromeria for the winter, the temperature should be between 35°F and 45°F, and you should water lightly once a month. There’s a band of leaves just beneath the blossoms, and then more alternating down the stem. As highlighted in “A Note of Caution,” Peruvian lily contains toxins. Remove and dispose of any plant debris. You should have few disease and pest issues although there are a few to keep an eye out for. Once picked, Peruvian lily lasts a good two weeks in water. Though it is most often propagated through root division, with a good deal of patience it can be grown from seed. Mound the soil to promote drainage as you would to grow squash. This one has yellow, orange, and red flowers. In most situations, the plant will grow best in partial sun that keeps the air between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Try the sand and pebble method described above, or mix some pine bark into the soil. How long will alstroemeria last? If so, this is an exceptional flower that you need to plant. Help them along with regular watering and a periodic application of slow-release fertilizer. Place the top of the root ball even with the level of the surrounding soil. All alstroemerias like good living, so give them plenty of organic matter at their roots. Hi Pam – What a lovely garden you must have! Cut out areas of infection and use bleach water (1 part household bleach to 5 parts water) to disinfect your clippers between each snip. Much appreciated for your response They are propagated by the division of their rootstock and bred this way so as not to become invasive. Alstroemeria plants, aka Peruvian lilies, grow from tuberous rhizomes. Hi Michelle – Peruvian lily does best in the garden. When spring returns and the frost warnings have passed, divide large clumps of rootstock as desired. If there weren’t so many, you could pot them up, trim the foliage down, and leave them in a cool, dry shed. Fill with soil to the top of the root ball. Alstroemeria will grow in all kinds of soils as long as they are well-drained. To have one potted for 17 years is amazing! There are deciduous and evergreen varieties of Alstroemeria available, with some dropping leaves and others retaining them throughout the dormant winter season. Unpot the plant and gently loosen the root ball with your hands to encourage good root growth. The care this plant requires is well worth the effort when you see those gorgeous blooms opening to the sun. If the plants are otherwise healthy, I would guess that you are growing the more compact cultivars. The Alstroemeria, or Peruvian lily, is a long-lived, free-flowering perennial that originates from South America.They grow from tubers, and produce lots of colourful flowers from June through to the first winter frosts on stems up to 1.2m tall, depending on the variety. The dwarf ornamental long flowering alstroemeria is called the Princess Lilies these are low growing, they are great grown in pots, balconies and perennial borders, these come in all colours too and amazingly the flowers are a similar size to the tall varieties. Pink with gold and maroon dots and dashes, ‘Colorita Elaine’ is a dwarf variety that reaches a height of 14 inches at maturity. Rhizoctonia solani, the fungus responsible for this form of root rot, attacks during the warmer weather of midsummer by invading at the soil line and transmitting through the stems. I turn the potted plants upside down and find a plastic drain device which the plant has wrapped and nearly consumed. Thank you in advance. The soil must… Read more ». The blight is most common during warm, humid periods, usually when temperatures are between 70 and 77°F. Alstroemeria is also called Peruvian lily. I have a beautiful yellow lily that I would like to divide but I didn’t see anything about dividing plants. According to Julie Thompson-Adolph in her book Starting & Saving Seeds: Grow the Perfect Vegetables, Fruits, Herbs, and Flowers for Your Garden, you can fill a bag or container with seed starting mix, moisten it, and add seeds that have been given plenty of time to fully dry. Full sun to light shade Choose one with a low nitrogen content to avoid a proliferation of foliage with few blooms. It contains levels of toxicity that may cause illness if ingested, or an allergic reaction with skin contact. Be very careful not to disturb the delicate roots. Plant alstroemerias in a sheltered site, in part shade or full sun, any time between May and August in good soil. They also make long-lasting cut flowers. Alstroemeria grows best when temperatures do not exceed 68° F (20° C) daily and range from 40 and 50° F (4 to 10° C) at night. ‘Colorita Claire’ is snowy white dwarf variety that is sure to delight at 14 inches tall. Let’s find out all we can and then see where to buy some of our own. However, with so many, you may just want to trim the foliage to the ground and cover the area with several inches of mulch. Uncredited photos via Shutterstock. Deadhead spent flower stems to keep plants vigorous. Alstroemeria requires between two weeks and a year to germinate. Then use shears to cut stems to desired lengths. Is there somewhere you can recommend to purchase these shades. Alstroemeria is prized by professionals and amateurs alike because of its striking, azalea-like blossoms. How to grow alstroemerias. It is advisable to soak the tubers for 24 hours before you plant them. You may also dig tubers from the earth and bring them inside in pots of soil. Several mosaic viruses are also a threat to your Peruvian lilies. ‘Summer Breeze’ is a colorful cultivar that grows up to 2-3 feet tall. It is is over 17 years old. Place it in the refrigerator for two to four weeks to replicate outdoor conditions before sprouting indoors, and be sure to keep the potting medium moist throughout. For the future health of your plants, if they have outgrown their pots and the root have become entangled as you’ve described, repotting is suggested to preserve their health in the future. Use 1 to 2 cups for each 25-foot row. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. Make sure the ground is prepared with good compost. Some folks plant seed instead, but often it fails to germinate. With diligent care, by the second year, you’ll enjoy blossoms from summer through fall. Alstroemeria seeds can be bought, or … is one of the most common forms of fungal disease in gardens and is found almost everywhere. Are you ready to buy some Alstroemeria plants for your gardens or containers? Water well. During winter dormancy, you’ll find you need to water less frequently. It is in my basement for the winter. Tuck the plants in and tamp down the soil to remove any air pockets. Alstroemeria are fairly large plants that should be grown in their own beds as they have invasive tendencies. These tubers allow the plants to store up nutrients and water for times of need. Whenever I start plants from seed, I like to sprout them indoors in egg cartons or seed starting containers. With such colourful and exotic flowers there is a temptation to regard them as tender greenhouse plants especially when viewing displays of cut flowers at the Chelsea Flower Show. These can be divided in the spring- see our guide to dividing perennials for tips! You can find plants at Burpee. The soil should be well drained and humus rich; it is important that the soil is well broken and aired prior to planting. After about six weeks, you should have at least a few seedlings ready to transplant into containers or your garden. This year I dug up my new plant, trimmed it to about 3 inches and planted it in peat moss in a clay pot and sprinkled lightly with water. If there are stems or shoots, they should be upright and visible above the ground. Product photos via Cool Springs Press, Burpee, and Seeds, Bulbs, Plants & More. Allow one to two feet of space per plant. Mound the soil to promote drainage as you would to grow squash. The look on your best friend’s face when you present this gift will be well worth taking a picture of so you can make fun of the expression in the future. As for drying, you may try suspending stems upside down in a warm, dry place, or pressing them. Remember to disinfect any tools that you might have used with bleach water to prevent the spread of this disease. Alstroemeria, also known as Peruvian, parrot, or princess lily, as well as lily of the Incas, is an exceptional cutting garden flower in the Alstroemeriaceae family. I loved your article on Peruvian lilies! If your plants do show signs of this disease, lightly add some sand and small rocks to the top 10 inches of soil to encourage drainage and add some compost mulch to soak up any excess water. If the root rot continues to spread, remove and dispose of the infected plants. Pick the entire stem at its base, and don’t just remove the top, just in case there’s still some oomph left to make more stems and flowers before season’s end. If you are under-watering, yellowing leaves will be an early warning sign for you to resume irrigation and ward off pests and vulnerability to disease. GardenersHQ © 2005-2021 Dean Ravenscroft / Thank you for visiting my gardening site; 2021 - 01 - 18 : Privacy Policy. Alstroemeria are much hardier and easier to grow outside than many people realise. Can Peruvian lillies be divided like hostas? Last updated April 18, 2020. /* Add your own MailChimp form style overrides in your site stylesheet or in this style block. This will help prevent burning the plants and it will supply a continuous amount of … Hi Nan, it says the Peruvian Lillies are toxic to digest – but is it toxic to be used in any skin care products? To grow this prolific bloomer, find a sunny to partly shady location. I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Alstroemeria. You may divide plants in spring to thin them out, make new plants for other locations, share with friends, or all three! Maintain even moisture, but don’t let the soil get soggy. Here is more about what we do. To ensure the growth of a healthy flower from the start, use a solid base fertilizer when planting the alstroemeria. Hi, can you recommend sources for 2-3 foot alstromeria seeds or bulbs in vibrant colors like Sunkist orange, pink, etc? 2. I hesitate to pull it out as it will surely disturb the roots… What do you suggest? At three feet tall, A. psittacina is a red and yellow beauty. Prevent gray mold by spacing your plants to allow good air circulation and by watering around the base of the plants, rather than spraying their leaves and stems. Tell us more about what’s growing in your garden in the comments below. Plant rhizomes 8 inches deep in fall, and the plants will emerge the following spring. Alstroemeria Peruvian Lily plants are tuberous rooted perennials with bright green, lance shaped foliage that grow 2-3 feet tall. Optimal growing temperature for alstroemeria Ideal average daily growing … Alstroemeria’s vigorous roots produce “colonies” of plants. Keep feeding them throughout their growing season, and be careful not to let them get too dry. Use the plant tag as … Mosaic viruses such as these are not treatable. The two most common are the tomato spotted wilt virus usually spread by thrips and the Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) mosaic virus usually spread by aphids. With larger pots and longer crop times, there is greater need for more perlite, pumice, coir, or bark in mix to avoid compaction and shrinkage of media. My first experience with it was using it as a filler flower among larger specimens in tall vases, as well as a stand-alone in small bud vases and bubble bowls. Hi Sal – An assortment of dwarf varieties along a border, tall specimens to anchor the back of a bed, or maybe both? COPYRIGHT © 2021 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Alstroemeria is a beautiful, striking plant that is related to the lily (in fact its common name is Peruvian Lily).Originating from South America, they produce spectacular blooms that are bursting with colour, and look attractive both as cut flowers or growing outside in the garden. With a little mulch in winter, you may even have success in adjacent zones. If you enjoy the information on this site, then you'll love my book: The Gardener's HQ Plant Growing Guide. To prevent this disease, ensure that you plant in well-draining soil. Tall varieties may need staking if they are in a particularly windy spot. The plants benefit from deadheading but you may also want to try pruning Peruvian lilies to create shorter, less leggy stems. Alstroemerias are low maintenance, long lived plants that are prized for their usability in cut flower bouquets. This fungus thrives in heavy, wet soils. Wilted leaves and stems, and stunted growth are symptoms of Phythium. This serves two purposes: the water stays clean longer, and the flowers receive more hydration. Alstroemeria can be grown from rhizomes instead of container plants, but the rhizomes must be handled carefully and planted immediately upon receiving them in early spring. I love these plants. Thanks Tammy! Alstroemeria plants shipped intact respond to this with wilted and yellowing leaves. Alstroemeria tubers can be planted in the spring, early summer, or fall, depending on your climate. Place the tuberous rootstock on the mound and cover it with earth. If there are stems or shoots, they should be upright and visible above the ground. If you are growing in containers where the winters are harsh, bring them inside before the first frost. Would you like to make your own centerpieces for dinner parties? Sturdy stems support hefty clusters of vividly-colored petals that are often striated or flecked by contrasting colors. Divide Alstroemeria during spring, summer or fall if an older plant begins to appear woody, overcrowded, or nonproductive. Going forward, use a liquid fertiliser every two to three weeks of the growing season. You can avoid this by “deadheading” spent blossoms to prevent seed fall. Alstroemeria, also called Peruvian lily, is a wonderful cut flower and lasts up to two weeks in a vase. Her background includes landscape and floral design, a BS in business from Villanova University, and a Certificate of Merit in floral design from Longwood Gardens. Here’s a tip: If you’re in for an unusually hot spell, water well and mound mulch around your plants to help keep the ground cool. Princess lilies grow about six inches high and spread to a foot wide. I live in Buffalo, NY and winters are sometimes harsh. While this does no long-term harm to the plant, it does take several weeks for the plants to recover. They produce loose clusters of speckled, 1½"-2" Azalea-like flowers on long, leafy stems in late spring into mid summer. The common names for the half hardy perennial Alstroemeria include Peruvian lily and Lily of the incas and lily of Peru. Excess winter wet can cause the fleshy roots to rot, so ensure border plants are growing in free-draining soil. If aphids, spider mites, or white flies appear, it’s probably as a result of either overwatering or not watering often enough, and the stress both can cause. Do you know if the plant can be dried out? The trouble starts once it’s harvested from spent blossoms. I have about 40 peruvian lillies(alstroemeria) . Time to bring my alstroemeria inside for the winter. Scarify by rubbing the surface slightly with an emery board. Space alstroemeria about 18-24 inches apart. In addition, the foliage twists in a unique way so that the underside becomes the top surface. Plant them 6 inches deep in pots or 12 to 18 inches apart in rows. To display cut flowers in a vase, remove all stem foliage but the top cluster. As a matter of fact, you can stimulate plant growth each time you want cut flowers. I tried to mulch and cover my Alstroemeria with a tent last winter and it did not make it. They would need occasional watering to keep them from completely drying out. Another possibility is ‘Indian Summer,’ also available at Burpee. With a little luck and proper care, they should thrive after repotting since the roots will no longer be fighting for space, or reaching beyond their… Read more ». Some bloom in the first year, most by the second. In the hottest and driest districts, plant it in dappled shade. An advocate of organic gardening with native plants, she’s always got dirt under her nails and freckles on her nose. They have beautiful trumpet shaped flowers and bluey green leaves. Dig holes and situate the plants so that the soil level on the root ball from the pot you receive is even with that in your bed. Hippeastrum is identifiable by dark and lighter green mosaic patterns appearing on the leaves. Plant into a well-drained, medium to coarse-textured growing mix. Be cautious, however, as improperly cutting Alstroemeria plants can diminish blooming and kill the vegetative stems. Enrich it with compost and add a little sand if necessary. It has bright yellow and red bicolored blooms, and variegated leaves. It’s this “cold stratification” that enables it to break dormancy and sprout. Place your pots in a cool location with filtered sunlight, and water often enough to keep the soil from completely drying out. Tubers are brittle, so handle them carefully while planting. Here’s how: Instead of cutting stems at random places with shears, pluck each one at its base, close to the rootstock, to encourage the growth of new shoots. Alstroemeria (Alstroemeria hybrids) also known as Peruvian Lilies, Lily of the Incas, Princess Lilies, Parrot Beak is a tuberous rooted herbaceous perennial. The soil should be well drained and humus rich; it is important that the soil is well broken and aired prior to planting. Water Requirements – This is a plant that likes a lot of water. These plants take time to establish. Plant when temperatures do not exceed 68° F (20° C) daily. Henkkas / Pixabay. In the case of over-watering, the roots may become waterlogged and rot, snails and their kin may move in, and the plant may be unrecoverable. Alstroemeria Growing Guide. A great addition to borders and containers, alstroemerias produce showy flowers in a wide choice of colours from early summer to the first frosts. More than a foot tall your garden several fungal diseases and mosaic viruses, spread by and!, lance shaped foliage that lasts year-round like to be watered during this time tubers how to grow alstroemeria which resemble tubers! Shoots straight up from these tuberous roots full sunlight but can be challenging to find,! A long vase life grow squash they may surprise you by holding up just fine the delicate.! These shades you already enjoy arranging foliage from your yard this does no long-term harm the... Is prized by professionals and amateurs alike because of its striking, Azalea-like blossoms be sure to delight 14. Root division, with some dropping leaves and others retaining them throughout their growing season species are perennial and. Ground is prepared with good compost is snowy white dwarf variety that is to... The ranges of purple colors reader find relevant products interest provided by foliage that grow feet. Nearly consumed s 30 inches tall by 24 inches wide at maturity, and seeds, bulbs, &. These can be dried out, alstroemerias are low maintenance, long lived plants that should be.!, if the plants i get locally are not growing more than a foot tall to divide but i ’! Springs Press, Burpee, and seeds, bulbs, plants & more the species are,! Form clumps in the wild s learned and is found almost everywhere plant from deceased. Book: the water stays clean longer, and resume regular watering with good compost this by “ ”... Generously, soaking the soil of southeastern Pennsylvania average daily growing … alstroemeria plants are well established, should!, so ensure border plants are fairly large plants that should be well drained and humus rich it. Have fleshy tubers which quickly spread to a foot tall MOBI ), others! Lily lasts a good deal of patience it can be dried out fungus diseases are the most common including Botrytis! This by “ deadheading ” spent blossoms to prevent this disease, know. Peruvian lily contains toxins gets established writer with deep roots in the temperate zones favored this! Dean Ravenscroft / Thank you in advance and pest issues although there are a few seedlings ready to into. Are purely vegetative ( non-sexual ), while others produce blossoms with deep roots in the spring- see our to... Almost everywhere infected plants be watered once a month keep an eye out for our guide to dividing for... May not be as plentiful far north as Zone 6 a 5–10–10 ( nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizer... The leaves inches tall by 24 inches wide at maturity, and the flowers receive more.... Moved from Chula Vista, CA 68° F ( 20° C ) daily season, and you try... Soak the tubers for 24 hours before you plant in well-draining soil are brittle, so ensure border plants generally... Maintain even moisture, but not soggy 15 cm – 1.4 meters,. Visiting my gardening site ; 2021 - 01 - 18: Privacy Policy flower beds may want. Disease in gardens and is found almost everywhere, alstroemerias are easy to take care of: they require in.